Diabetes also named as diabetes mellitus, which is a complex metabolic disease. Diabetes results high blood sugar either due to inadequate insulin production or body cells are not able to respond to the insulin or both the factors are occurring simultaneously. There are various complications in the body due to high blood sugar like damage to the nerves or blood vessels which can leads to the chronic health issues like stroke, kidney disease, heart disease and blindness. There can be a problem of depression, dental disease and problems in pregnancy.
What are the types of diabetes?
Type I diabetes can be defined as the condition of the body in which the damage of beta cells occurs due to which there is no production of insulin, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent because it develops in early teenage or adulthood. The condition of Type II diabetes is when the body become unable to produce adequate insulin needed for the proper functioning or body cells are not able to get insulin. It grows very fast as it is a progressive disease and can affect the whole body if not taken care of. Gestational Diabetes comes into existence only when a women is pregnant due to very high levels of blood sugar. Due to which their body cells cannot produce sufficient amount of insulin to digest this excess sugar in the blood.
What are the causes of diabetes?
Type II diabetes as it is the most common type of diabetes throughout the world. There are many factors responsible for this disease. These can be the genetic factors, in which this disease is transferred from parents to offspring or due to autoimmune disorders, environmental factors (viruses, food and toxins), high cholesterol, insulin resistance, obesity and high blood pressure.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
The symptoms of type-II diabetes are polyuria in which the frequent urination is observed, intense hunger (polyphagia), frequent thirst (Polydipsia), sudden weight loss or gain and delay in wound healing. These can show sexual dysfunction and blurred vision.
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What are the top 10 effective home remedies for diabetes?
The metabolic disorder known as “diabetes” represents the body’s condition with increased blood sugar. To cure this disorder there are lots of home remedies which can be used. Some home remedies to support the treatment or prevention of diabetes are as follows:
1. Lady finger or okra
Lady finger is a rich source of insoluble fibers helps in slowing down the glucose absorption in the intestine. It contains vitamins, minerals and antioxidants which leads to the relieving of constipation and also decreasing the cholesterol level. Helpful in preventing colorectal cancer, ulcers, lung inflammation, depression and energy booster.
2. Bilberry Extract
The extract leaves and dark blue fruits of bilberry are known for reduce the body sugar. It contains an active flavonoid anthocyanosides which is helpful in improving blood circulation, prevents retinopathy, lowers blood sugar and prevents the cell damage. It is helpful in strengthening of the blood vessels and nerves.
3. Green Tea
The green tea is very healthy because it is not fermented as other tea leaves. Also it consists of high polyphenol content, which is a strong antioxidant and hypo-glycemic compound. It helps in controlling the release of blood sugars which is effective to use insulin better by the body.
4. Drumstick leaves
Drumstick is also known as moringa and known for its anti-diabetic properties. The leaves are well known energy booster and helps in reducing the food cravings by increasing satiety. It slows the food breakdown and helps in maintaining the blood sugar.
5. Psyllium husk or Isabgol
The use of psyllium husk as laxative, is very popular. In the presence of water, it form a gel-like substance after swelling. It helps in slowing the breakdown of the food and blood glucose absorption. Isabgol also prevent the ulcers and acidity in the stomach.
6. Bitter gourd or Karela
Karela is rich in plant insulin-polypeptide-P which is a biochemical that can mimic the human insulin. Which can reduce blood sugar levels in the body. The two active compounds charatin and momordicin, observed in Karela which are the key compounds and helpful in the lowering the level of blood sugar.
Neem is known for medicinal properties throughout the India. The leaves of this plant are bitter in taste and enhances insulin receptor sensitivity. By dilating the blood vessels, it helps in improving the blood circulation, also reduces the dependency on hypoglycemic drugs and lowers blood glucose levels.
The use of garlic is very common in Indian food. It contains the bioactive compound “allicin” which is known for its anti-diabetic property. It helps in preventing the oxidation of fats and prevents the damage to artery walls.
Stevia is given as artificial sweetener to the diabetic patients. The presence of stevioside, steviol glycosides and rebaudioside in stevia, helps in stabilizing the blood sugar and also increases the production and resistance of insulin. It maintains the health of pancreas and helps in reducing the glucose absorption which leads to the lowering the level of blood glucose.
10. Indian blackberry or Jamun
Jamun contains a glycoside which is useful in preventing the conversion of starch to sugar. Due to which the blood sugar level is maintained and also prevents the insulin spikes. It is known for high medicinal values in Ayurveda and known to be useful in many diseases like heart diseases and related vascular disorders.