Although fever is the body’s protective mechanism, often self-limiting or treatable at home, sometimes it warrants an immediate medical care. It is important know the signs and symptoms that would sent out an emergency call.
- If the baby is younger than 3 months and the rectal temperature reaches 38°C (100.4°F) or more.
- If the baby is aged between 3-6 months and the rectal temperature is 38.9°C (102°F) or more and the baby seems lethargic, irritated or uncomfortable.
- If the baby is aged between 6-24 months and the rectal temperature is 38.9°C (102°F) or more lasting for more than a day even in absence of other symptoms. If the baby also has diarrhea, cold or cough than a sooner visit to the doctor is warranted.
- In neonates i.e. newborns a temperature lesser than 36.1°C (97°F) also warrants a visit to the doctor. In newborns thermal regulation might not be efficient and instead of rise in temperature, a decline is present.
- If you’re doubtful of your baby’s health, irrespective of temperature and other symptoms, you should make a call to the doctor for advice.
The immune system of a child (over 2 years) has developed enough that there is no need for alarm if the child has fever as long as he/she is alert, accepting fluids and playing normally. However, the parents or guardians must look out for following signs.
- The child is lethargic, irritated or vomiting repetitively and also if there is severe headache, stomach ache and any other discomfort-causing signs and symptoms warrants a doctor’s help.
- If the child was locked inside a hot car, he/she can quickly develop a heat stroke, fever, and dehydration. Seek emergency medical care right away.
- The child has had the fever for more than three days.
- The child is lethargic, drowsy and makes little to no eye contact.
- In some rare cases of weak immune system or a superimposed illness, appropriate precautions (as stated by your doctor) must be taken.
In adults a doctor should be called when:
- The temperature is equal to 103°F (39.4°C) or more than that
- The fever has been persistent for three or more days
Also, immediate attention is warranted if the patient has one or more of the following signs and symptoms:
- Severe swelling in the throat
- Intolerable headache
- Stiffness in the neck or difficulty in bending the neck forwards
- An odd skin rash, particularly when it develops rapidly.
- Photosensitivity (i.e. abnormal sensitivity towards light)
- Consistent vomiting or nausea
- Pain in chest
- Difficult or painful breathing
- Extreme fatigue, lethargy or irritation
- Pain on urination
- Pain in the abdomen
- Muscular weakness or sensory problems
- Another unexplained signs and symptoms
— Zigverve.com (@zigverve) October 9, 2015