“Bariatric surgery is a general phrase that refers to a variety of weight-loss procedures. These procedures alter your gastrointestinal system in order to help you lose weight. They either limit the quantity of food you eat or restrict your ability to absorb nutrients, or both in some cases.” Says Dr. Harsh who is one of the best bariatric surgeon in Mumbai.
Such surgeries are performed when a person’s diet or exercise plans have failed and the individual has a serious associated health condition as a result of their excessive weight. The most common type of bariatric surgery is gastric bypass, which is preferred by most doctors due to less complications than other weight-loss procedures.
According to bariatric surgeons these surgeries are associated with significant risks and side effects, and patients must make permanent dietary changes as well as adhere to a strict exercise regimen in order to ensure the long-term success of the bariatric surgery.
WEIGHT LOSS/BARIATRIC SURGERIES TYPES
1. Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch (BPD/DS)
This weight loss treatment or process comprises two primary components and is said to be less common.
The first phase is also known as a sleeve gastrectomy, in which 80% of the patient’s stomach is removed, leaving a much smaller tube-shaped stomach. The pyloric sphincter, which releases food into the small intestine, is still present, as are a few segments of the small intestine that link to the stomach. The second, and final, step is to bypass the majority of the intestine and go straight to the duodenum, which is located near the stomach. Once you’ve had these procedures, you’ll be able to eat less because the amount of nutrients you can absorb is also reduced, which usually means fats and proteins. This surgery is usually done concurrently, though it is done separately in a few cases. They are done as two major surgeries, similar to a sleeve gastrectomy, and after the weight loss begins, the operation is finished. Although the results are effective, this treatment carries additional dangers. This operation is recommended for people with a BMI of more than 50 to avoid complications.
2. Gastroplasty with an endoscopic sleeve
Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty is a relatively new type of weight loss surgery. With the use of an endoscopic suturing equipment, the dimensions of the patient’s stomach are lowered during this treatment. This operation is recommended when an individual’s body mass index is 30 or higher, as well as their diet and activity plan. The method of endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty is generally associated with a significant weight loss because it primarily restricts the amount of food consumed and is also minimally invasive, resulting in a lower number of problems.
3. Gastric Bypass Surgery (Roux-en-Y)
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is another name for gastric bypass surgery. A tiny pouch within the stomach is directly attached to the small intestine during this treatment. The food then goes directly from the little pouch of the stomach to the small intestine, bypassing the majority of the stomach and hence the first part of the small intestine.
This operation is currently the most popular weight loss operation in the world, and as with any weight loss surgery, it is frequently used when a patient’s diet and exercise regimen aren’t working.
4. Intragastric Balloon
A saline-filled balloon composed of silicon is fixed within the stomach during this weight loss procedure. Because the amount of food consumed is limited, this aids the patient in losing weight. It also makes people feel full even when they eat tiny amounts of food.
5. Gastrectomy sleeve
Sleeve gastrectomy, sometimes known as vertical sleeve gastrectomy, is a surgical weight loss technique. Small instruments are used to make numerous incisions on the upper stomach during this surgery, which is done by laparoscopy. During this treatment, approximately 80% of the stomach is removed. A little tube-shaped stomach is left behind, with the proportions and shape of a banana. During this surgery, hormonal changes are triggered to aid weight loss. These hormones not only aid with weight loss, but also with illnesses like high blood pressure and other common heart problems associated with obesity.
LIFESTYLE CHANGES AFTER THE SURGERY
Do not begin your workout regimen right after the surgery, since this could result in many issues. Allow your body to recuperate before proceeding. In the beginning, low-impact exercise is recommended. Walking, swimming, easy yoga, stretching, and deep breathing techniques will all be included. Strength and aerobic routines are frequently begun only after consulting with a physician. If you are opting for the bariatric surgery in Mumbai, your surgeon will guide you on this for better results.
Following are the small modifications in daily life that you should make according to Dr. Harsh-
• Regular walking might be beneficial.
• Sitting for long periods of time should be avoided.
• Doing some stretching at work.
• Taking the stairs instead of the elevator.