Usually in migraine a pulsating headache affects one side of the head and can last from 2 to 72 hours. Symptoms often associated with migraine are nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to sound, light or smell.
What causes Migraine?
The underlying causes of Migraine are unknown. Nevertheless, they may be related to a combination of various genetic and environmental factors. Most often the migraine may be associated with triggers up to 24 hours before the onset.
Triggers can vary from person to person and may include: Post-traumatic stress, hormonal changes during menstruation, menarche, pregnancy, oral contraceptive pills use, perimenopause or menopause. About 12-60% people also reports food triggers, though a clear explanation about their mechanism is lacking. Environmental conditions also may play some role as triggers like lighting conditions or air quality.
Natural Treatment for migraine
One may try natural relaxation therapy like massage, yoga, breathing techniques, tai chi and meditation.
Both true acupuncture and sham acupuncture where needles can be placed randomly are found to be equally effective in treating migraine. In fact, both the techniques have chances of being more potent than regular medication with lesser side-effects.
A daily vitamin B2 dose of 400 mg can significantly reduce the symptoms of migraine. Rich sources of Vitamin B2 are fish, chicken, legumes, eggs, dairy products, green leafy vegetables, nuts and fortified cereals.
— Zigverve.com (@zigverve) September 24, 2015
Cold is a quick way to reduce inflammation. Applying ice packs over the paining areas can provide swift relief from headache due to migraine. Some people are also benefitted by hot application.
Increased intake of foods rich in niacin have also shown some improvement. Food rich in niacin are green leafy vegetables, yeast, tomatoes, whole wheat, nuts, liver, fish and sunflower seeds.
Botulinum toxin is also found to be useful in migraine relief. It can be quickly injected into the affected area for direct impact. During the migraine attack there is sensitization in the area where pain keeps knocking the area. Botox relieves the sensitization.